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Global Masculinities and Manhood$
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Ronald L Jackson and Murali Balaji

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780252036514

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252036514.001.0001

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Wounded Masculinity and Nationhood in Peru

Wounded Masculinity and Nationhood in Peru

Chapter:
(p.106) 4 Wounded Masculinity and Nationhood in Peru
Source:
Global Masculinities and Manhood
Author(s):

Margarita Saona

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252036514.003.0005

This chapter presents a historical and literary analysis of the representation of masculinity in Peru. Using a feminist psychoanalytic frame, it examines Peruvian literature to make sense of Peru's recent brutal past, which culminated in the confrontation between the Shining Path, the Tupac Amaru guerrillas, and the government-armed forces that resulted in 69,000 deaths. It posits that a homology exists between masculinity and the nation state. It reads the executions of indigenous Peruvian leaders by the Spanish as castration myths and traces these Peruvian castration myths to argue that they produce simultaneously a failed masculinity as well as a failed state. The failed nation and the failure of masculinity are rooted in the legacy of colonialism. Resolving this oedipal dilemma would be a first step in resolving gender inequality and creating a more just nation.

Keywords:   Peruvian masculinity, castration myths, nation state, failed state, colonialism

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