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Child Care in Black and WhiteWorking Parents and the History of Orphanages$

Jessie B. Ramey

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780252036903

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252036903.001.0001

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Appendix C Birthplace of HCC Parents

Appendix C Birthplace of HCC Parents

Source:
Child Care in Black and White
Author(s):

Jessie B. Ramey

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press

In 1901 HCC managers began asking parents where they had been born, reflecting a growing concern with increased African American migration to the city of Pittsburgh. A statistical analysis of HCC admission logs from 1901 through 1929 shows that the orphanage served a significant number of northern-born families, but the bulk of the clientele had migrated from the Upper South, especially from the state of Virginia. There was no appreciable difference between men’s and women’s migration patterns, so the numbers here reflect total parents from each region. (p.210)

Table A.2

Total

Percent

North

   Indiana

1

0.3

   Maine

1

0.3

   New York

1

0.3

   Ohio

16

4.0

   Pennsylvania (other than Pittsburgh)

44

11.1

   Pittsburgh

53

13.3

   Subtotal

116

29.1

Upper South

   Washington, D.C.

12

3.0

   Kentucky

8

2.0

   Maryland

16

4.0

   Virginia

143

35.9

   West Virginia

21

5.3

   Subtotal

200

50.3

South

   Alabama

13

3.3

   Georgia

10

2.5

   Louisiana

1

0.3

   Mississippi

2

0.5

   North Carolina

25

6.3

   South Carolina

13

3.3

   Tennessee

8

2.0

   Texas

3

0.8

   Subtotal

75

18.8

Other

   Canada

3

0.8

   West Indies/Jamaica

4

1.0

   Subtotal

7

1.8

Total

398

100

(p.211)