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The Negro in IllinoisThe WPA Papers$
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Brian Dolinar

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037696

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037696.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use (for details see http://www.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 12 December 2017

Slavery

Slavery

Chapter:
(p.6) 2. Slavery
Source:
The Negro in Illinois
Author(s):

Arna Bontemps

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252037696.003.0002

This chapter discusses slavery in Illinois before and after emancipation. It begins with a brief history of slavery in Illinois, dating back to 1734 when the laws of Louis XIV were enacted, regulating the traffic in slaves in the province of Louisiana—which included Illinois. Slavery was legalized under English rule when General Gage took possession of the territory and allowed the French inhabitants the privilege of becoming English subjects. When George Rogers Clark came into the Northwest, the Virginia House of Burgesses charted the whole territory and enacted a law in October 1778, making it the county of Illinois. The chapter also looks at a man who played a major role in consolidating the opposition to slavery and to lead this opposition effectively: James Lemen. Finally, it considers the controversial Black Laws, or Black Codes, which treated the territory's Negroes and mulattoes as taxable property and were denied citizenship, and the battle between those who opposed and were in favor of making Illinois a slave state.

Keywords:   slavery, Illinois, slaves, James Lemen, Black Laws, Negroes, mulattoes, citizenship

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