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Global HomophobiaStates, Movements, and the Politics of Oppression$
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Meredith L. Weiss and Michael J. Bosia

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037726

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037726.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use (for details see www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 11 December 2018

America’s Cold War Empire

America’s Cold War Empire

Exporting the Lavender Scare

(p.55) 3 America’s Cold War Empire
Global Homophobia

David K. Johnson

University of Illinois Press

This chapter analyzes how a fear of homosexuals characterized American Cold War security concerns, leading to the establishment of policies, procedures, and personnel throughout the U.S. government to uncover and remove all suspected gays and lesbians from public service. This state-sponsored homophobic panic was exported to America's Western allies and international organizations such as the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank. The chapter shows how U.S. officials pressured foreign officials and the heads of international organizations to adopt American-style security procedures and purge their agencies of anyone guilty of homosexual conduct. Fearing the loss of either American financial aid or contact with the U.S. intelligence-gathering apparatus, most sought to comply.

Keywords:   homophobic panic, American Cold War, security concerns, gays, lesbians, United Nations, International Monetary Fund, World Bank

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