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Global HomophobiaStates, Movements, and the Politics of Oppression$
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Meredith L. Weiss and Michael J. Bosia

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037726

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037726.001.0001

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Homophobia as a Tool of Statecraft

Homophobia as a Tool of Statecraft

Iran and Its Queers

Chapter:
(p.174) 8 Homophobia as a Tool of Statecraft
Source:
Global Homophobia
Author(s):

Katarzyna Korycki

Abouzar Nasirzadeh

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252037726.003.0008

This chapter demonstrates how the Iranian state, far from being the pawn of Western machinations, has varied its stance toward homosexuality in pursuit of its objectives—namely modernization, consolidation, and most recently, deliberalization. In doing so, it has refashioned family and gender relations, positioned itself concerning the imperial appetites of the West, and centralized and expanded its power. To trace how this happened, the chapter anchors the story around three moments in which anti-homosexual rhetoric and practice have been deployed. First is the modernization moment lasting from the early nineteenth century to the onset of the Iranian Revolution in 1979. Second is the Islamic nation-state consolidation moment following the revolution. Third is the conservative backlash following the attempted liberalization of 1997 and persisting until today.

Keywords:   Iran, homosexuality, modernization, consolidation, deliberalization, gender relations, anti-homosexuality, 1979 Iranian Revolution, conservatism

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