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Demilitarization in the Contemporary World$
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Peter Stearns

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037894

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037894.001.0001

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Constrained Rearmament in Japan, 1945–1954

Constrained Rearmament in Japan, 1945–1954

US Strategic Preference for Securing Military Bases and Impact of Japanese Financial Community

Chapter:
(p.89) 4 Constrained Rearmament in Japan, 1945–1954
Source:
Demilitarization in the Contemporary World
Author(s):

Yoneyuki Sugita

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252037894.003.0005

This chapter analyzes what made it possible for Japan to implement “constrained rearmament” despite strong pressure domestically and from the United States to carry out rapid rearmament. There are two important factors that led to Japan's establishing firm ground for constrained rearmament from the late 1950s onward. The first of these is the US strategic preference for securing military bases in Japan instead of Japan's rearmament. The second is the implementation of tight-money policies precipitated by the Dodge Line of 1949, which culminated in a one-trillion-yen budget for Japan in 1954. The level and scope of rearmament hinged upon the defense budget or, more generally, Japan's fiscal policy.

Keywords:   Japan, constrained rearmament, United States, rapid rearmament, military bases, tight-money policies, Dodge Line, defense budget, fiscal policy

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