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Demilitarization in the Contemporary World$
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Peter Stearns

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037894

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037894.001.0001

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From Demilitarization to Remilitarization

From Demilitarization to Remilitarization

External and Internal Pressures on Japanese Security Policy

(p.111) 5 From Demilitarization to Remilitarization
Demilitarization in the Contemporary World

Glenn D. Hook

University of Illinois Press

This chapter explores the transition from demilitarization to remilitarization following Japan's defeat in war and foreign occupation from 1945 to 1952. It focuses on the external and internal pressures on security policy at crucial historical junctures in the process of remilitarization. By revisiting the early postwar period, the chapter looks at two contested views of security policy. These views revolved around the option of a security treaty with the United States, on the one hand, and unarmed neutrality, on the other. The chapter then addresses the external pressures on Japanese policy makers arising from the major historical juncture represented by the end of the Cold War. Meanwhile, the internal pressures involve the costs to Okinawans arising from the concrete manifestation of the alliance with the United States: the basing of US military facilities.

Keywords:   Japan, demilitarization, remilitarization, security policy, security treaty, unarmed neutrality, US military facilities, Japanese policy makers, Okinawans

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