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Intelligently DesignedHow Creationists Built the Campaign against Evolution$
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Edward Caudill

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252038013

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252038013.001.0001

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The Genesis of Young-Earth Creationism

The Genesis of Young-Earth Creationism

(p.14) 1 The Genesis of Young-Earth Creationism
Intelligently Designed

Edward Caudill

University of Illinois Press

This chapter traces the origins of Young-Earth creationism by focusing on the Scopes trial of 1925, with particular emphasis on how it became a template for subsequent clashes over the irreconcilable issue of evolution versus religion. That template includes public schools as the battleground of choice as well as Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan. The Scopes trial was not just a reaction against Charles Darwin and evolution, but against science in general. Despite creationism being suspect science, it is a model of political activism that took form at the Scopes trial. This chapter considers the rapid growth of antievolutionism in the early twentieth century and how antievolutionists worked their way into the cultural mainstream with savvy media campaigns. It also examines how Bryan and Darrow defined the subsequent place of antievolutionism for fundamentalists.

Keywords:   evolution, Young-Earth creationism, Scopes trial, religion, Clarence Darrow, William Jennings Bryan, Charles Darwin, creationism, political activism, antievolutionism

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