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Intelligently DesignedHow Creationists Built the Campaign against Evolution$
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Edward Caudill

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252038013

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252038013.001.0001

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Intelligent Design and Resurgent Creationism

Intelligent Design and Resurgent Creationism

(p.73) 4 Intelligent Design and Resurgent Creationism
Intelligently Designed

Edward Caudill

University of Illinois Press

This chapter examines the antievolutionists' move away from arguing with scientists and toward providing a scientific-sounding argument for mass consumption, usually in the guise of “intelligent design” (ID)—a tactic that allowed creationism to appeal to a broader audience. It first considers initiatives meant to make creationism attractive to the scientifically unlettered before discussing how proponents made individual rights and freedom of expression consistent themes in the fight to teach creationism in public schools. It then looks at two books that reenergized the fight against evolution and became central to the new offensive: Phillip E. Johnson's Darwin on Trial (1991) and Michael Behe's Darwin's Black Box (1996). It also describes the approaches adopted by creationists in the face of court rulings that rejected the teaching of creationism and ID in public schools. The chapter concludes with an assessment of ID advocates' “wedge strategy,” The Wedge Document, and the collection of papers titled Mere Creation: Science, Faith & Intelligent Design.

Keywords:   intelligent design, creationism, freedom of expression, public schools, evolution, Darwin on Trial, Darwin's Black Box, wedge strategy, The Wedge Document, Mere Creation

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