Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Jean ToomerRace, Repression, and Revolution$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Barbara Foley

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780252038440

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252038440.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use (for details see www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 11 December 2018

The Experiment in America

The Experiment in America

Sectional Art and Literary Nationalism

(p.84) Chapter 3 The Experiment in America
Jean Toomer

Barbara Foley

University of Illinois Press

This chapter analyzes Toomer's relationship with the early 1920s modernists dubbing themselves “Young America”—particularly with novelist Waldo Frank, whose influential Our America (1919) advocated a pluralistic and experimental program for national cultural renewal. In this program, the notion of sectional art figured as a highly contradictory ideologeme, at once promising a strategy for including the nation's marginalized peoples and papering over the reasons for their exclusion. While it is proposed that Toomer retreated from Young America because of his distress at Frank's allusions to Toomer's African American ancestry in his foreword to Cane, the chapter argues that Toomer's growing skepticism about the possibility that cultural pluralism could produce social change is what caused his eventual break with Frank's project.

Keywords:   Jean Toomer, Young America, Waldo Frank, Our America, national cultural renewal, marginalized peoples, cultural pluralism, social change

Illinois Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.