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The Voice in the DrumMusic, Language, and Emotion in Islamicate South Asia$
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Richard K. Wolf

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780252038587

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252038587.001.0001

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The Voice in the Drum

The Voice in the Drum

(p.222) Chapter 9 The Voice in the Drum
The Voice in the Drum

Richard K. Wolf

University of Illinois Press

This chapter describes Muharram Ali's conversations with a dhol player named Hashim about the drumming rituals as well as the drummers and the drum patterns in Karachi. Hashim also talked about how he and the other dhol players would take turns beating the four tarzs: savārī, mātam, kalmah, and dhīmā. Ali raised for discussion the Bharatpur group's idea about the kalmah pattern. According to Hashim, those on procession get enjoyment (mazah) out of Muharram drumming in general and that such drumming alerts those in the area to what is going on. Ali also made notes and comments on Census of India report (1961) on Muharram in Delhi, Lucknow and Hyderabad. Finally, he acknowledged that the verbal meanings of the drum patterns were cloaked in clouds of subjectivity and hazy memory.

Keywords:   drumming, Muharram Ali, rituals, drum patterns, tarzs, savārī, mātam, kalmah, dhīmā, Muharram

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