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Figure Skating in the Formative YearsSingles, Pairs, and the Expanding Role of Women$
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James R. Hines

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780252039065

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252039065.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use (for details see www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 14 December 2018

The World of Professional Skating

The World of Professional Skating

Chapter:
(p.287) Sixteen The World of Professional Skating
Source:
Figure Skating in the Formative Years
Author(s):

James R. Hines

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252039065.003.0016

This chapter discusses the world of professional skating. The Ice Follies, Hollywood Ice Review, and Ice Capades were founded between 1936 and 1941, years immediately preceding U.S. entry into World War II. Holiday on Ice was founded during the war years. All survived the War and became increasingly spectacular as competition among them led to large casts, elaborate sets, and lavish costumes. These permanently established touring companies that operated with large budgets, professional production staffs, and many of the world's most decorated skaters challenged the role of the amateur club carnival, a tradition dating from the nineteenth century. Carnivals, which had reached their peak in the 1930s, continued well into the postwar era, but their ability to compete with professional shows gradually declined.

Keywords:   figure skating, professional skating, ice shows, amateur club carnivals, Ice Follies, Hollywood Ice Review, Ice Capades, Holiday on Ice

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