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Fostering on the FarmChild Placement in the Rural Midwest$
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Megan Birk

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780252039249

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252039249.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use (for details see http://www.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 18 August 2018

The Farm, the Federal Government, and the Decline of Placement

The Farm, the Federal Government, and the Decline of Placement

Chapter:
(p.143) 5. The Farm, the Federal Government, and the Decline of Placement
Source:
Fostering on the Farm
Author(s):

Megan Birk

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252039249.003.0006

This chapter examines how Progressive efforts at studying child welfare and farm life contributed to the decline of farm placements. In particular, it looks at two separate federal efforts that provided justifications for finding a substitute to farm placement: that of the Country Life Commission and that of the Children's Bureau. The chapter begins with a discussion of problems in farming and the diminishing influence of the farm. It then considers the Country Life Commission's efforts to address the problems affecting rural people with the specific goal of improving the efficiency of farming and the standards of farm life, along with agricultural education for farmers through outreach programs and the extension service. It also describes the initiatives of the Children's Bureau with regard to child labor, family preservation, and mother and child health. Finally, it highlights increased federal research after World War I which revealed compelling evidence that placement homes did not offer the best choice for dependent children.

Keywords:   child welfare, farm life, farm placement, Country Life Commission, Children's Bureau, farming, agricultural education, child labor, family preservation, placement homes

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