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The Third SectorCommunity Organizations, NGOs, and Nonprofits$
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Meghan Elizabeth Kallman and Terry Nichols Clark

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780252040436

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252040436.001.0001

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(p.155) 6. Taiwan
The Third Sector

Meghan Elizabeth Kallman

Terry Nichols Clark

Cary Wu

Jean Yen-Chun Lin

University of Illinois Press

This chapter examines the growth of the third sector in Taiwan. Taiwan's civil society is intertwined with its recent history; many of the country's current civil society organizations emerged during the struggle for democracy and against one-party rule during the era of martial law. Civil society's relatively recent role in the transition to democracy is empowering it to advocate on behalf of the underrepresented and underserved, pairing activism with professionalization. This chapter first provides an overview of the formal and legal development of the Taiwanese third sector, along with its sources of funding and some of the challenges it faces. It also looks at two nonprofit organizations and their activities: the Children Are Us Foundation (CAREUS) and the Eden Social Welfare Foundation.

Keywords:   third sector, Taiwan, civil society, democracy, activism, professionalization, funding, nonprofit organizations, Children Are Us Foundation, Eden Social Welfare Foundation

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