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The Third SectorCommunity Organizations, NGOs, and Nonprofits$
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Meghan Elizabeth Kallman and Terry Nichols Clark

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780252040436

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252040436.001.0001

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Global Themes

(p.213) Conclusion
The Third Sector

Meghan Elizabeth Kallman

Terry Nichols Clark

Cary Wu

Jean Yen-Chun Lin

University of Illinois Press

This book has explored how different cultural, economic, and political backgrounds have given rise to very different third sectors worldwide, especially in terms of state involvement with nonprofit organizations. It has demonstrated how globalization and technological innovations have spurred global convergence on some trends, such as environmental concerns. It has shown that the third sector can offer powerfully positive solutions for political and social life, including service, innovation, advocacy, expressiveness, and community building. To conclude, it discusses four global themes that provide options for consideration by policymakers: third sector interaction with the state; the role of civil society in promoting civic participation; the use of third sector organizations as tools of political legitimacy; and the continuing tensions among the five institutional logics (clientelism, paternalism, bureaucracy, activism, professionalization) as a key part of the ongoing transformation of the third sector.

Keywords:   third sector, nonprofit organizations, globalization, technological innovations, political life, social life, civil society, civic participation, political legitimacy, institutional logics

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