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Creating the Land of LincolnThe History and Constitutions of Illinois, 1778-1870$
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Frank Cicero Jr.

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780252041679

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.5622/illinois/9780252041679.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use (for details see www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 12 December 2018

Black Codes and Bondage, Settling the North, Legislative Follies

Black Codes and Bondage, Settling the North, Legislative Follies

Chapter:
(p.69) Chapter 3 Black Codes and Bondage, Settling the North, Legislative Follies
Source:
Creating the Land of Lincoln
Author(s):

Frank Cicero Jr.

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5622/illinois/9780252041679.003.0004

Chapter 3 covers the years in which the Illinois state capital moved from Kaskaskia to Vandalia to Springfield, focusing on legislative and judicial debates surrounding the Black Code, which limited the rights of free blacks, and the euphemistic practices of indentured/involuntary servitude and apprenticeship contracts. As antislavery populations surged in northern Illinois, political and legal opinions about blacks shifted. The 1832 Black Hawk War, a land dispute involving the Sauk and Fox, led to the 1833 treaty that removed Native Americans from the state. The Illinois General Assembly, including in 1836–37 representatives Stephen Douglas and Abraham Lincoln, chartered state banks that failed; set up internal improvement schemes that indebted the state; and ultimately supported completion of the Illinois and Michigan Canal (1848).

Keywords:   Black Code, Black Hawk War, Stephen Douglas, Illinois—internal improvements, Illinois and Michigan Canal, Illinois General Assembly, indentured servitude, Abraham Lincoln, Springfield, Illinois, Vandalia, Illinois

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