The Jazz Composers Guild and the Jazz Composers Orchestra
This chapter focuses on the Jazz Composers Guild and the Jazz Composers Guild Orchestra, which directly affected Bley's career. The Jazz Composers Guild was a member-run musicians' cooperative. Composers involved in the guild acknowledged their music as a branch of noncommercial, avant-garde art music in desperate need of subsidy and aimed to find support through foundation grants. Later in 1964, the Jazz Composers Guild produced a series of events featuring music by Bley and by some of the leading avant-garde jazz composers of the time, all of whom were founding members of the guild. Bley then created the Jazz Composers Guild Orchestra because having a band was a requirement of being in the guild.
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