This chapter considers a treaty of peace at Ghent, signed on December 24, 1814 by American and British commissioners. Initially, the British had insisted on creation of a permanent and semi-independent Indian buffer state north of the line drawn by the Treaty of Greenville, within which the United States would be forever barred from demanding further cessions of land. The American commissioners absolutely refused to consider such a proposal, and the British, weary of war after twenty years fighting against the power of Napoleonic France, yielded. Instead, they were able to obtain only a face-saving provision, Article IX of the treaty, which guaranteed their Indian allies all the possessions, rights, and privileges they may have enjoyed, or been entitled to, in 1811, provided they ceased hostilities against the United States.
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