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Child Care in Black and WhiteWorking Parents and the History of Orphanages$
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Jessie B. Ramey

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780252036903

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252036903.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 15 January 2021

Constructing Orphans

Constructing Orphans

(p.1) Introduction Constructing Orphans
Child Care in Black and White

Jessie B. Ramey

University of Illinois Press

This introductory chapter explores how working families shaped institutional child care, emphasizing the historical agency of parents and the children themselves in that process. Throughout this study, the term “child care” is used to mean assistance with the daily labor of caring for children; and specifically in the case of orphanages, parents' tactic of placing their children temporarily in institutions with the intention of retrieving them after a relatively short time. Working parents and their children continually cooperated with orphanage managers, who also had to bargain with progressive reformers, staff members, and the broader community over the future of their organizations. The book argues that the development of institutional child care was premised upon and rife with gender, race, and class inequities—these persistent ideologies had consequences for the evolution of social welfare and modern child care.

Keywords:   institutional child care, working families, orphanages, progressive reformers, gender, race, class inequities, social welfare

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