Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Child Care in Black and WhiteWorking Parents and the History of Orphanages$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Jessie B. Ramey

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780252036903

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252036903.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 15 January 2021

Raising Orphans

Raising Orphans

The Child Care Dilemma of Families in Crisis

(p.32) Chapter Two Raising Orphans
Child Care in Black and White

Jessie B. Ramey

University of Illinois Press

This chapter analyzes how poor families' own demands helped shape the institutional landscape of child welfare in turn-of-the century Pittsburgh, as they made choices based on religious preferences as well as location and reputation. Significantly, racial prejudice limited African American families' choices and led the black community to found its own child care institutions in this period. A demographic analysis of these families who chose orphanage care for their children reveals the often multiple, overlapping crises they faced—from the loss of a spouse to disrupted support networks and inadequate housing. As parents attempted to combine wage labor and child care responsibilities, they used orphanages as a strategy for family survival.

Keywords:   poor families, child welfare, religious preferences, racial prejudice, African American families, black community, wage labor

Illinois Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.