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Child Care in Black and WhiteWorking Parents and the History of Orphanages$
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Jessie B. Ramey

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780252036903

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252036903.001.0001

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Segregating Orphans

Segregating Orphans

The Home for Colored Children

(p.159) Chapter Six Segregating Orphans
Child Care in Black and White

Jessie B. Ramey

University of Illinois Press

This chapter talks about how the story of Nellie Grant and the founding of the Home for Colored Children (HCC) highlights many of the salient threads of the institution's history. Over its first fifty years, the HCC both reinforced and resisted racial segregation and discrimination. This tension was particularly apparent in the educational opportunities provided by the orphanage. It also saw moments of interracial cooperation through its partially integrated board of managers, raising questions about racial attitudes and the motivations of both the white and black women who served in its early years. The orphanage had complicated relationships with both whites and with African Americans. Yet the orphanage manager's initial resistance toward, and eventual shift to, racial integration was set in motion through the persistent efforts of progressive reformers and African American leaders.

Keywords:   Nellie Grant, Home for Colored Children, racial segregation, racial integration, interracial cooperation, African Americans

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