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The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era RepressionOne Hundred Decisions$
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Robert M. Lichtman

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037009

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037009.001.0001

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Nelson, Cole v. Young, and the Beginning of the Campaign against the Court

Nelson, Cole v. Young, and the Beginning of the Campaign against the Court

(October Term 1955)

(p.78) 6 Nelson, Cole v. Young, and the Beginning of the Campaign against the Court
The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era Repression

Robert M. Lichtman

University of Illinois Press

This chapter discusses the U.S. Supreme Court’s decisions during its October 1955 term. The flow of decisions in “Communist” cases became heavier in the 1955 term, with the Court handing down nine signed decisions. The nine decisions ran the gamut of government action against “subversives”: two contempt cases, one of them against a defense lawyer; a deportation and a denaturalization case; the Subversive Activities Control Board’s order directing the American Communist Party (CPUSA) to register under the Internal Security Act; one case each involving federal and state public-employee loyalty programs; a private-employer firing upheld by state courts; and the criminal conviction of Steve Nelson, a CPUSA official, under a state sedition statute.

Keywords:   Communist cases, Immunity Act of 1954, U.S. Supreme Court, McCarthy era, contempt, deportation, Subversive Activities Control Board, American Communist Party, Internal Security Act, Steve Nelson

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