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Quaker BrotherhoodInterracial Activism and the American Friends Service Committee, 1917-1950$
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Allan W. Austin

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037047

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037047.001.0001

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Refugees from Abroad and at Home

Refugees from Abroad and at Home

The Hostel Method and Victims of War

Chapter:
(p.112) 4. Refugees from Abroad and at Home
Source:
Quaker Brotherhood
Author(s):

Allan W. Austin

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252037047.003.0005

This chapter examines the work of the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) in the wake of World War II. Even before the United States officially entered the war, waves of refugees from the European conflict pushed the AFSC to act, and it established hostels to help the newcomers adjust to their new lives in America. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, AFSC activists found themselves faced with a second refugee problem—this time internal migrants as Japanese Americans incarcerated in American concentration camps looked to resettle in the Midwest and East. Again reflecting the AFSC's understanding of race as a multifaceted, global issue, its efforts to create hostels to help both European and Japanese American refugees reveal the continued evolution of Friendly ideas about race, ethnicity, and assimilation in the United States as Quakers increasingly responded to these wartime crises with less direct solutions aimed at overcoming job and housing discrimination.

Keywords:   World War II, hostels, refugees, European refugees, Japanese American refugees, wartime crises

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