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Quaker BrotherhoodInterracial Activism and the American Friends Service Committee, 1917-1950$
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Allan W. Austin

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037047

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037047.001.0001

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From Race Relations to Community Relations

From Race Relations to Community Relations

(p.144) 5. From Race Relations to Community Relations
Quaker Brotherhood

Allan W. Austin

University of Illinois Press

This chapter explores the activities of the Race Relations Committee, which was established in 1943 and remained after World War II. The new committee created several integrated projects (including housing efforts and a work camp) as well as interracial projects such as minority hiring efforts and a university lectureship program. By 1950, Quakers in the AFSC had thus developed an indirect, Friendly approach to interracial relations that while still working to correct individual ignorance now saw the need to reform society as well. Understanding the details of that approach and how Quakers arrived at it provides important insights into Quakers and race in the first half of the twentieth century. It also helps to fill in the historiographical gap concerning the racial activism of Quakers between their nineteenth-century efforts at reform and their participation in the Civil Rights Movement that blossomed in the 1950s and beyond.

Keywords:   Race Relations Committee, postwar period, interracial projects, integrated projects, Friendly approach, interracial relations, societal reform, racial activism, twentieth century

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