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The Haymarket ConspiracyTransatlantic Anarchist Networks$
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Timothy Messer-Kruse

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037054

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037054.001.0001

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Introduction

Introduction

Chapter:
(p.1) Introduction
Source:
The Haymarket Conspiracy
Author(s):

Timothy Messer-Kruse

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252037054.003.0001

This introductory chapter recounts the story of the Haymarket bombing and trial, which marked a pivotal moment in the history of American social movements and sparked the nation's first “red scare.” From here, the New Left would establish a new historical interpretation of 1880s anarchism, which not only presumed the Chicago anarchists' innocence in the Haymarket bombing but also flattened out their differences from other branches of the socialist movement. This chapter argues that this presumption clouds the historical character of the anarchist movement, and prescribes a different vantage point—one where the anarchist movement is chronicled according to what its members said and did over the course of years, rather than according to what they and their defenders claimed they had done when facing the noose.

Keywords:   Haymarket bombing, Haymarket trial, American social movements, anarchist movement, Chicago anarchists, historical reinterpretation, 1880s anarchism

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