Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Indigenous Women and WorkFrom Labor to Activism$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Carol Williams

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037153

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037153.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 29 June 2022

Charity or Industry?

Charity or Industry?

American Indian Women and Work Relief in the New Deal Era

(p.193) Chapter 12 Charity or Industry?
Indigenous Women and Work

Colleen O’Neill

University of Illinois Press

Despite proven entrepreneurial successes in the southwest, only 11 out of 156 U.S. federal work relief projects designated for Indian reservations during the Depression specifically targeted women. Those schemes, administrated by home extension programmers, were, in essence, occupationally reductive and domestic in nature. This chapter examines relief programs among Blackfeet women in Cut Bank, Montana, during the 1930s. Such programs potentially shunt women, once again, to “the margins of the capitalist labor market in the 1930s.” Even in the so-called enlightened modern era promised by the administrative renaissance of the U.S. Indian New Deal, economic policies were restrictively gendered in design and scope.

Keywords:   federal work relief, work relief programs, Indian reservations, Blackfeet women, indigenous women, women's work, capitalist labor market

Illinois Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.