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Brazilian Women's FilmmakingFrom Dictatorship to Democracy$
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Leslie L. Marsh

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037252

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037252.001.0001

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Brazilian Women’s Filmmaking and the State during the 1970s and 1980s

Brazilian Women’s Filmmaking and the State during the 1970s and 1980s

(p.13) 1 Brazilian Women’s Filmmaking and the State during the 1970s and 1980s
Brazilian Women's Filmmaking

Leslie L. Marsh

University of Illinois Press

This chapter examines the role of the Brazilian state in women's filmmaking. In 1969, the Empresa Brasileiro de Filmes (Embrafilme) came into being during the most repressive years of the military regime. Originally created to promote and distribute Brazilian films abroad, Embrafilme was charged to oversee commercial and noncommercial film activities such as film festivals, the publication of film journals, and training of technicians. By the early 1980s, Embrafilme had become a vital source for independent, auteur cinema in Brazil and helped secure—but not sustain—women's place in the Brazilian film industry. Once the government took on a more supportive role in the film industry, contemporary women filmmakers began participating in filmmaking; however, women filmmakers in Brazil have conflicting opinions about the state-led agency and its role in supporting their careers as directors.

Keywords:   Brazilian state, women's filmmaking, Embrafilme, auteur cinema, Brazilian film industry

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