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The Negro in IllinoisThe WPA Papers$
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Brian Dolinar

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037696

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037696.001.0001

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Lincoln and the Negro

Lincoln and the Negro

(p.34) 5. Lincoln and the Negro
The Negro in Illinois

Arna Bontemps

University of Illinois Press

This chapter discusses the role of Abraham Lincoln in the fight against slavery in Illinois. Among the people who abhorred slavery were some who objected to having large numbers of Negroes for neighbors. Two types of anti-slavery sentiment arose, one based upon moral principles and the other upon economic principles. There were those who advocated abolition to elevate the Negro to citizenship and those who objected to slavery merely because it was an economic evil. This chapter considers the divided opinion on the problem of the freed Negro, led by the American Colonization Society, who disseminated propaganda against the Negro, and Lincoln, who was sympathetic toward the plan to colonize freed Negroes. It also examines how Lincoln, an astute politician, steered a course midway between the two points of view, and concludes with a look at his friendship with William de Fleurville of Springfield.

Keywords:   slavery, Abraham Lincoln, Illinois, Negroes, anti-slavery, abolition, citizenship, American Colonization Society, William de Fleurville

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