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The Negro in IllinoisThe WPA Papers$
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Brian Dolinar

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037696

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037696.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 31 July 2021

John Brown’s Friend

John Brown’s Friend

(p.41) 6. John Brown’s Friend
The Negro in Illinois

Arna Bontemps

University of Illinois Press

This chapter looks at John Jones, a free man of color and an outstanding businessman who played an important role in the fight for freedom and equal rights for Negroes in Illinois. Chicago's reputation in the South as a “sink hole of abolitionism” may be credited to the activities of Jones, John Brown, and their abolitionist friends. Among the early abolitionists, Jones was friends with L. C. Paine Freer and Dr. C. V. Dyer. Together they created the Chicago atmosphere so abhorrent to slave-owners and their sympathizers. This chapter considers Jones's North Carolina background and how it may have contributed to the energetic action he took to secure his freedom. It also examines Jones's efforts in leading the Negro struggle against slavery, from making speeches and writing articles to lobbying and helping organize Negro and white groups in every part of the state. Jones lived to see the Negro raised to legal citizenship. He died on May 27, 1879, after a long illness.

Keywords:   slavery, John Jones, freedom, equal rights, Negroes, Illinois, John Brown, abolition, abolitionists, citizenship

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