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The Negro in IllinoisThe WPA Papers$
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Brian Dolinar

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037696

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037696.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 31 July 2021

Leave a Summer Land Behind

Leave a Summer Land Behind

(p.51) 7. Leave a Summer Land Behind
The Negro in Illinois

Arna Bontemps

University of Illinois Press

This chapter examines the exodus of southern Negroes into Indiana and other states in the North. The Democrats charged that the Negroes' mass migration from the South was engineered by the Republicans in order to gain political control, and by the railroads in search of passenger business. Several prominent Negroes throughout the nation seriously and collectively considered the migration and its effects. While the Southern press and public officials professed to see in the exodus a temporary and not extremely significant phenomenon, planters and civic leaders held a convention of both white and Negro citizens which met in Vicksburg, Mississippi, May 6, 1879, to discuss means of regulating the migration. This chapter considers the dramatic increase in the Negro population of Illinois in the decade 1860–1970 and concludes with a discussion of the rioting and lynching sparked by the accusation of Mrs. Mabel Hallam, a white woman of Springfield, that she was raped by a Negro, George Richardson.

Keywords:   exodus, Negroes, mass migration, American South, American North, Illinois, rioting, lynching, Mabel Hallam, George Richardson

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