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The Negro in IllinoisThe WPA Papers$
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Brian Dolinar

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037696

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037696.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 31 July 2021

The Exodus Train

The Exodus Train

Chapter:
(p.130) 15. The Exodus Train
Source:
The Negro in Illinois
Author(s):

Arna Bontemps

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252037696.003.0015

This chapter focuses on the Chicago Defender's role in sparking the Great Northern Drive mainly through advertisements that announced the many employment opportunities in the North for those willing to make the journey. The Great Migration reached epic proportions by 1917. The legend of the Great Northern Drive spread rapidly months before the appointed date, May 15, 1917. The exodus from the South was helped along by such poems as W. E. Dancer's “Farewell—We're Good and Gone” and William Crosse's “The Land of Hope.” This chapter considers the use of “Farewell—We're Good and Gone,” “Bound for the Promise Land,” and “bound to the land of Hope” as slogans often chalked on the sides of special trains carrying exodusters on their way to the North as well as the efforts of local authorities to divert or halt the Negro migrants.

Keywords:   trains, Chicago Defender, Great Northern Drive, employment, American North, Great Migration, American South, poems, Negro migrants, William Crosse

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