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The Negro in IllinoisThe WPA Papers$
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Brian Dolinar

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037696

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037696.001.0001

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(p.150) 17. Professions
The Negro in Illinois

Arna Bontemps

University of Illinois Press

This chapter discusses some of the professions practiced by the Negroes in Illinois during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In I. C. Harris's Colored Men's Professional and Business Directory of Chicago, published in 1885, one teacher, four physicians, and eight lawyers are documented. One of the physicians was a woman. There was no record of Negro dentists, librarians, or social service workers at the time. In 1942, colored librarians were employed at Wendell Phillips High School, Du Sable High School, and Medill High School, while several Negroes were part of the staff of the Chicago Public Library. This chapter considers Negro workers working in a variety of fields such as social service, including Dixie Brooks, Faith Jefferson Jones, and Bernice McIntosh; medicine, like Dr. Ida Nelson Rollins; and law, including those who belonged to the Cook County Bar Association.

Keywords:   professions, Negroes, Illinois, Chicago, physicians, lawyers, librarians, Chicago Public Library, social service, Cook County Bar Association

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