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Global HomophobiaStates, Movements, and the Politics of Oppression$
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Meredith L. Weiss and Michael J. Bosia

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037726

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037726.001.0001

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Gay Rights and Political Homophobia in Postcommunist Europe

Gay Rights and Political Homophobia in Postcommunist Europe

Is there an “EU Effect”?

(p.103) 5 Gay Rights and Political Homophobia in Postcommunist Europe
Global Homophobia

Conor O’Dwyer

University of Illinois Press

This chapter explores the European Union's impact on gay rights in the region, asking whether accession has fostered gay rights despite the hurdle of still widespread societal homophobia. To the extent that the EU does have a demonstrable effect in promoting legal rights for gays, the chapter examines whether such rights promotion spark a homophobic backlash in the broader political sphere, particularly that of political-party competition. Most empirical analyses of the politics of gay rights in postcommunist Europe to date have relied on country case studies. By and large, individual country studies have offered empirical support for arguments that both the communist legacy and EU conditionality have strongly imprinted themselves on the politics of gay rights.

Keywords:   European Union, gay rights, societal homophobia, homophobic backlash, political-party competition, postcommunist Europe, country case studies

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