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Global HomophobiaStates, Movements, and the Politics of Oppression$
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Meredith L. Weiss and Michael J. Bosia

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037726

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037726.001.0001

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Sexual Politics and Constitutional Reform in Ecuador

Sexual Politics and Constitutional Reform in Ecuador

From Neoliberalism to the Buen Vivir

(p.127) 6 Sexual Politics and Constitutional Reform in Ecuador
Global Homophobia

Amy Lind

University of Illinois Press

This chapter turns to the perpetuation of homophobia and transphobia as it is inherent in Ecuador's modernization project; and as it has been politically contested in the context of neoliberal and post-neoliberal governance during the 1990s and 2000s. It specifically examines the 1998 and 2008 constitutional reforms as a discursive and institutional realm in which constitutional assembly members struggled to redefine the family and remake the nation. Given their progressive nature with regard to LGBTTI rights, these constitutions are often compared by political observers to post-apartheid South Africa's constitution and, more recently, to Bolivia's 2009 constitution. Advances in LGBTTI rights legislation in Ecuador have occurred at the nexus of homophobic and homopositive discourses—stemming from sexual rights activism, yet also from discursive negotiations within the elected constitutional assemblies concerning homosexuality as a crime versus disease.

Keywords:   LGBTTI, homophobia, transphobia, neoliberal governance, Ecuador, constitutional reforms, homopositive discourses, sexual rights activism

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