Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Making the World Safe for WorkersLabor, the Left, and Wilsonian Internationalism$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Elizabeth McKillen

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252037870

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252037870.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Antiwar Cultures of the AFL, the Debate over Preparedness, and the Gompers Turnabout

Antiwar Cultures of the AFL, the Debate over Preparedness, and the Gompers Turnabout

(p.91) Chapter 3 Antiwar Cultures of the AFL, the Debate over Preparedness, and the Gompers Turnabout
Making the World Safe for Workers

Elizabeth McKillen

University of Illinois Press

This chapter examines the internal political debate that raged within the American Federation of Labor (AFL) over Woodrow Wilson's policies toward the European war between 1914 and 1917. It first considers the campaign against military training in the schools as part of an ambitious antiwar and anti-preparedness program promoted by the Seattle Central Labor Council (SCLC), an AFL affiliate. It then discusses the antiwar activities of the Chicago Federation of Labor, the United Mine Workers of America, and the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. It also analyzes AFL President Samuel Gompers's decision to reverse the de facto AFL policy of noninterference in the antiwar activities of AFL unions and his attempt to secure their loyalty to the government in the event of war. The chapter concludes with an assessment of the failed efforts of left-wing Socialists and Industrial Workers of the World activists to develop a viable strategy for staging general strikes to stop the war and prevent U.S. involvement in it.

Keywords:   preparedness, American Federation of Labor, Woodrow Wilson, military training, Seattle Central Labor Council, antiwar activities, Chicago Federation of Labor, United Mine Workers of America, International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, Samuel Gompers

Illinois Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.