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The Rise of the Chicago Police DepartmentClass and Conflict, 1850-1894$
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Sam Mitrani

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252038068

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252038068.001.0001

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The Eight-Hour Strikes, the Haymarket Bombing, and the Consolidation of the Chicago Police Department

The Eight-Hour Strikes, the Haymarket Bombing, and the Consolidation of the Chicago Police Department

Chapter:
(p.185) Chapter 8 The Eight-Hour Strikes, the Haymarket Bombing, and the Consolidation of the Chicago Police Department
Source:
The Rise of the Chicago Police Department
Author(s):

Sam Mitrani

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252038068.003.0009

This chapter examines how the Eight-hour strikes of 1886 and the Haymarket bombing transformed the Chicago Police Department into a much stronger institution. It begins with a discussion of the Haymarket affair and how it led to massive strikes for the eight-hour workday that began on May 1, 1886. It then considers how the Haymarket bombing changed what it meant to be a member of the Chicago Police Department as well as the relationship between the police, the press, and the city government. It shows that the Haymarket and its aftermath consolidated a positive image of the Chicago Police Department in the eyes of the respectable citizens of the city. This shift facilitated some institutional changes that favored police officers, such as the allocation of funds for a pension, improvements in police buildings, and expansion of the force. But most of all, only citizens willing to risk being identified with the anarchists would criticize the institution itself.

Keywords:   anarchists, Eight-hour strikes, Haymarket bombing, Chicago Police Department, Haymarket affair, eight-hour workday, press, police officers, Chicago

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