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Fannie Barrier WilliamsCrossing the Borders of Region and Race$
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Wanda A. Hendricks

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252038112

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252038112.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 15 October 2019

“Completely Surrounded by Screens”

“Completely Surrounded by Screens”

A Raced Identity

(p.28) 2. “Completely Surrounded by Screens”
Fannie Barrier Williams

Wanda A. Hendricks

University of Illinois Press

This chapter examines Fannie Barrier Williams' move to Jim Crow South in the late nineteenth century and how she was exposed to the complexity of segregation there. Barrier left Brockport in 1875 to teach in the black school system in a South confronted with Reconstruction and marked by stark contrasts with other regions of the country. She first went to Hannibal, Missouri, and then to Washington, D.C., where she lived from 1877 to 1887 and where the largest and most cohesive group of black elites resided. This chapter first considers Barrier's time in Hannibal, where she witnessed deep racial fissures and intolerance, before turning to her migration to Washington, where she embarked on a teaching career and met her future husband S. Laing Williams. It then discusses Barrier's personal views about interracial marriage as well as the association that she had with less affluent blacks or with the racism they faced in their daily lives. It also explores how a raced identity forced Barrier to face a collective racial experience.

Keywords:   racism, Fannie Barrier Williams, Jim Crow South, black elites, S. Laing Williams, interracial marriage, blacks, raced identity, segregation

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