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Fannie Barrier WilliamsCrossing the Borders of Region and Race$
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Wanda A. Hendricks

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780252038112

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252038112.001.0001

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The New Century

The New Century

North and South Meet

(p.119) 6. The New Century
Fannie Barrier Williams

Wanda A. Hendricks

University of Illinois Press

This chapter examines Fannie Barrier Williams' role in linking the geographically distinct regions of the North and South, and particularly between black and white club women in the twentieth century. It begins with a discussion of southern women's adherence to their tradition of racial segregation and how elite northern black women beckoned their white allies to address the issue of racism in the organizations they joined. It then considers Barrier Williams' effort to more clearly define her place in the Chicago Woman's Club, chronicle the successful ascendency of black women in the public arena, and fashion a long-term career as a public intellectual. It also explores Barrier Williams' labor activism and how her friendship with Booker T. Washington as well as her commitment to his idea of black industrial education earned the ire of prominent blacks in Chicago. The chapter concludes with an assessment of Barrier Williams' feud with Ida B. Wells-Barnett.

Keywords:   black women, Fannie Barrier Williams, North, South, club women, segregation, racism, Chicago Woman's Club, labor activism, Booker T. Washington

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