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C. Francis Jenkins, Pioneer of Film and Television$
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Donald G. Godfrey

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780252038280

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252038280.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

A Lifetime of Struggle

A Lifetime of Struggle

(p.23) 3 A Lifetime of Struggle
C. Francis Jenkins, Pioneer of Film and Television

Donald G. Godfrey

University of Illinois Press

This chapter examines C. Francis Jenkins' dispute with Thomas J. Armat over the Phantoscope patent that began in 1895. Armat partnered with Jenkins for a short period of time and then moved on to establish the Armat Moving-Picture Company, making millions while leaving Jenkins in a lifetime of aggravation. Before discussing the Jenkins and Armat controversy that led to the collapse of their partnership, this chapter provides a background on Armat and how he met Jenkins. It then considers Jenkins' early experimental work with the camera-projector as well as his collaboration with Armat on experiments that would result in the successful projection of motion pictures. It also looks at the patent-interference case pitting Armat vs. Jenkins, Armat's protest regarding the Smithsonian's photography exhibit, and Jenkins' demonstrations of his device at the Franklin Institute. The chapter concludes with an analysis of issues and evidence relevant to the Jenkins–Armat conflict, along with Henry D. Hubbard's defense of Jenkins.

Keywords:   camera-projector, C. Francis Jenkins, Thomas J. Armat, Phantoscope, patent, Armat Moving-Picture Company, motion pictures, Franklin Institute, Henry D. Hubbard, Smithsonian

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