Blacklisted American Directors and ’50s British Noir
This chapter traces the contributions of four directors to 1950s British noir: Edward Dmytryk, Jules Dassin, Cy Endfiled, and Joseph Losey. While Dmytryk and Dassin found success in the United States in the 1940s with a series of classic noirs, after being blacklisted, both directors were forced to expatriate to Great Britain where they helmed pictures inspired by specifically British elements—the serial killer and postwar, bombed-out London. Unlike Dmytryk and Dassin, Endfield and Losey sought political refuge in England for an extended period in the 1950s, during which they made a number of “noir-inflected melodramas” that brilliantly capture the haunted psyches of these exiled American filmmakers.
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