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Redeeming TimeProtestantism and Chicago's Eight-Hour Movement, 1866-1912$
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William A. Mirola

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780252038839

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252038839.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

Shifting Eight-Hour Reform from Consciousness to Creed in the Twentieth Century

Shifting Eight-Hour Reform from Consciousness to Creed in the Twentieth Century

(p.155) Chapter 6 Shifting Eight-Hour Reform from Consciousness to Creed in the Twentieth Century
Redeeming Time

William A. Mirola

University of Illinois Press

This chapter focuses on three key events: the ongoing fight for shorter hours for women, the conflict between typographical workers and the Methodist Church over shorter hours at a Methodist publishing house, and the construction of the Social Creed of the Churches. Amid shifting sentiments among employers and changes in politics, Chicago women's groups, settlement-house workers, women in the Socialist Party, and the Women's Trade Union League (WTUL) took the lead in eight-hour reform by focusing on long hours among workingwomen. Once the provision limiting the hours of work for women to eight hours that was a part of the 1893 Factory Law had been declared unconstitutional by the Illinois Supreme Court, no further legal attempt to shorten women's hours had been attempted. However, with the turn of the century, women exercised a stronger leadership presence in reform efforts of all kinds and rekindled the fight to reduce working hours for women.

Keywords:   Methodist Church, Methodist publishing house, Social Creed, Women's Trade Union League, eight-hour reform, 1893 Factory Law

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