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African Americans in U.S. Foreign PolicyFrom the Era of Frederick Douglass to the Age of Obama$
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Linda Heywood, Allison Blakely, Charles Stith, and Joshua C. Yesnowitz

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780252038877

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252038877.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 27 May 2022

A New Negro Foreign Policy

A New Negro Foreign Policy

The Critical Vision of Alain Locke and Ralph Bunche

(p.30) 2 A New Negro Foreign Policy
African Americans in U.S. Foreign Policy

Jeffrey C. Stewart

University of Illinois Press

This chapter is structured around the provocative claim that African Americans are natural diplomats because of the particular circumstances of the black experience in the United States. In order to survive, African Americans have been conditioned to mask their frank judgments about the American “democratic” system. Within this framework, the chapter conceptualizes a so-called “New Negro foreign folicy.” As embodied in the work of Locke and Bunche, this perspective is characterized by a critical approach to foreign policy, albeit one that is not too radical or too applicable to the American domestic racial context so as to avoid offending white liberal sensibilities (and therefore jeopardizing patronage opportunities). Representative of sequential stages of development within this foreign policy tradition, Locke and Bunche encountered different levels of political access and policy influence.

Keywords:   African Americans, American democratic system, foreign policy, Alain Locke, Ralph Bunche

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