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Civil Rights in the Texas BorderlandsDr. Lawrence A. Nixon and Black Activism$
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Will Guzmán

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780252038921

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252038921.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

Marshall, Texas, 1883–1909

Marshall, Texas, 1883–1909

(p.11) Chapter 1 Marshall, Texas, 1883–1909
Civil Rights in the Texas Borderlands

Will Guzmán

University of Illinois Press

This chapter presents a historical analysis of Nixon's character and his formative years growing up in the racially charged South. He was born on February 9, 1883, to Jennie Valerie Engledow and Charles Blanton Nixon in Marshall, Texas, as the eldest of five. Charles Nixon was employed by the Texas and Pacific Railway Company, which eventually enabled his son to spend his childhood within a diverse neighborhood in New Orleans. His childhood also coincided with a period of social and political unrest, during which time race relations had dramatically deteriorated. Notwithstanding the political turmoil, however, the Nixon family would return to Marshall in the early 1890s, where Nixon would complete his undergraduate degree before leaving for Meharry Medical College in Tennessee. Later on, Nixon would eventually marry his childhood sweetheart, Esther Josephine Calvin, and establish his medical practice in Cameron, Texas.

Keywords:   Charles B. Nixon, Jennie Valerie Engledow, Esther Josephine Calvin, Marshall, Texas, Cameron, New Orleans, Texas and Pacific Railway Company, Wiley College, Meharry Medical College

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