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Civil Rights in the Texas BorderlandsDr. Lawrence A. Nixon and Black Activism$
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Will Guzmán

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780252038921

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252038921.001.0001

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Optimism and Rejection, 1925–1962

Optimism and Rejection, 1925–1962

(p.87) Chapter 5 Optimism and Rejection, 1925–1962
Civil Rights in the Texas Borderlands

Will Guzmán

University of Illinois Press

This chapter looks at the latter phases of Nixon's civic life as well as his contributions to the health and welfare of his fellow African Americans. It details Nixon's initiative to establish a Black hospital to treat tuberculosis (TB)—then one of the top three causes of mortality among Blacks in urban communities—El Paso's Frederick Douglass National Tubercular Hospital. Nixon's relationship with the NAACP grew strained during this time as well, and he and his second wife, Drusilla E. Tandy, would later obtain the support of the Southern Conference for Human Welfare (SCHW). To conclude, the chapter also looks at a series of events that would eventually lead to an antidiscrimination ordinance in 1962 that would make El Paso the first city in Texas to pass such a resolution.

Keywords:   El Paso, Black hospital, desegregation, Drusilla E. Tandy, tuberculosis, NAACP, SCHW, human welfare, antidiscrimination ordinance

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