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Becoming Julia de BurgosThe Making of a Puerto Rican Icon$
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Vanessa Pérez Rosario

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780252038969

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252038969.001.0001

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Writing the Nation

Writing the Nation

Feminism, Anti-Imperialism, and the Generación del Treinta

(p.15) 1 Writing the Nation
Becoming Julia de Burgos

Vanessa Pérez Rosario

University of Illinois Press

This chapter describes the development of Burgos's social, political, and creative consciousness during the 1930s. It focuses on her first poetry collection, Poema en veinte surcos (Poem in Twenty Furrows, 1938), where she creates images of routes, travel, and water as a way to escape containment. In Poema en veinte surcos, Burgos experimented with various styles of writing prevalent among Puerto Rican writers of the time, including telurismo and neocriollismo, the negrista poetry of Luis Palés Matos, and the eroticism of Luis Lloréns Torres. Her nomadic subject championing freedom and justice fundamentally and ideologically distinguishes her work and aligns her with the vanguardias. Eventually, the nomadic subject becomes a “form of political resistance to hegemonic, fixed, unitary, and exclusionary views of subjectivity.”

Keywords:   Poema en veinte surcos, telurismo, neocriollismo, negrista poetry, eroticism, nomadic subject, vanguardias

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