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St. Louis RisingThe French Regime of Louis St. Ange de Bellerive$
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Carl J. Ekberg and Sharon K. Person

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780252038976

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252038976.001.0001

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St. Louis and the Wider World

St. Louis and the Wider World

Chapter:
(p.217) Conclusion St. Louis and the Wider World
Source:
St. Louis Rising
Author(s):

Carl J. Ekberg

Sharon K. Person

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252038976.003.0012

This conclusion summarizes the history of early St. Louis, tracing its emergence as the most thoroughly French community in the Mississippi River valley to the time when the French empire in North America collapsed. It shows that Indians of various nations (especially Illinois, Osages, and Missouris, but also Sioux and Iowas) and languages (Algonquian and Siouan) passed through the village on a regular basis. Numerous Indian and black slaves resided in the village and influenced daily life in St. Louis. Creoles were a distinct minority within the village's population, and this condition persisted in the village throughout the French regime. The evolution of building practices and architecture in St. Louis offers a glimpse into the process of creolization in the community. This conclusion also considers how, during the French regime of Louis St. Ange de Bellerive, St. Louis established itself as the most important commercial entrepôt of the Upper Mississippi Valley. Finally, it describes St. Louis's participation in trade and commerce, including fur and slave trades, in the broad Atlantic world.

Keywords:   slave trade, St. Louis, French empire, Indians, Creoles, creolization, Louis St. Ange de Bellerive, Atlantic world, fur trade, commerce

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