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Anarchist Immigrants in Spain and Argentina$
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James A. Baer

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780252038990

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252038990.001.0001

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The FORA and the CNT

The FORA and the CNT

Transnational Anarchist Rivalries

(p.93) Chapter 5 The FORA and the CNT
Anarchist Immigrants in Spain and Argentina

James A. Baer

University of Illinois Press

This chapter describes the transnational conflict between Argentina's Federación Obrera Regional Argentina (FORA) and Spain's Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (CNT) during the 1920s, when the administration of Hipólito Yrigoyen in Argentina presented opportunities for anarchists but the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera in Spain repressed the movement there. The 1922 creation of the International Workingmen's Association gave Abad de Santillán a forum in which to present the American emphasis on antipolitical anarchism and oppose the reformist leadership of Ángel Pestaña and Salvador Seguí in Spain. The Spanish created a new leadership group, the Federación Anarquista Ibérica (FAI), to serve as an ideological guide to the CNT, much as La Protesta's editorial group had provided leadership within the FORA. These developments illustrate how the back-and-forth nature of population movements influenced anarchist organizations in both nations.

Keywords:   Federación Obrera Regional Argentina, FORA, Confederación Nacional del Trabajo, CNT, anarchist movement, Abad de Santillán, Ángel Pestaña, Salvador Seguí, Federación Anarquista Ibérica

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