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Struggle for the Soul of the Postwar SouthWhite Evangelical Protestants and Operation Dixie$
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Elizabeth Fones-Wolf and Ken Fones-Wolf

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780252039034

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252039034.001.0001

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Unrest in Zion

Unrest in Zion

Southern Churches in Depression and War

(p.33) Chapter 2 Unrest in Zion
Struggle for the Soul of the Postwar South

Elizabeth Fones-Wolf

Ken Fones-Wolf

University of Illinois Press

This chapter examines how southern religious institutions responded to economic collapse, social unrest, and a horrific world war. During the 1930s, church membership declined throughout the South as congregations, ministers, and church fellowships struggled with the hard times and the ensuing migrations. Those declines were not uniform; some Protestant churches responded to the material and psychological needs of its members better than others. Meanwhile, within and across denominations and church groups, debates raged about modernity, threats from an expanding government, and signs of the end times. Across the board, however, the experiences of hundreds of thousands of southern white Protestants forced the region's sacred institutions to reevaluate what they offered to the region's working people.

Keywords:   southern religious institutions, church membership, Protestant churches, modernity, white Protestants, sacred institutions, working people

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