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A City Called HeavenChicago and the Birth of Gospel Music$
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Robert M. Marovich

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780252039102

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252039102.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 15 October 2019

Got On My Traveling Shoes

Got On My Traveling Shoes

Black Sacred Music and the Great Migration

Chapter:
(p.11) Chapter 1 Got On My Traveling Shoes
Source:
A City Called Heaven
Author(s):

Robert M. Marovich

Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:10.5406/illinois/9780252039102.003.0001

This chapter examines the role played by the Great Migration in the development of black sacred music in Chicago. Starting around 1916, thousands of black men, women, and children landed on Chicago's shores as part of the Great Migration, also known as the Great Northern Drive. Regardless of the way migrants traveled, Chicago was the destination of choice, the Promised Land. This chapter first discusses the sources of the new African American migrants' disillusionments in Chicago, including unemployment and substandard housing, before turning to early congregational singing in sanctified services and in storefront churches. It then considers the rise of African American Protestant churches as well as the migrants' creation of their own “islands of southern culture.” It also compares northern and southern worship practices among African American churches and concludes with an overview of the proliferation of storefront and sanctified churches in Chicago, along with sanctified worship in Spiritual churches and their influence on gospel music.

Keywords:   sacred music, Great Migration, Chicago, African American migrants, congregational singing, African American churches, sanctified churches, Spiritual churches, gospel music, storefront churches

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