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The Real Cyber WarThe Political Economy of Internet Freedom$
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Shawn M. Powers and Michael Jablonski

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780252039126

Published to Illinois Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.5406/illinois/9780252039126.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM ILLINOIS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.illinois.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Illinois University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ISO for personal use.date: 11 May 2021

Internet Freedom in a Surveillance Society

Internet Freedom in a Surveillance Society

(p.180) 7 Internet Freedom in a Surveillance Society
The Real Cyber War

Shawn M. Powers

Michael Jablonski

University of Illinois Press

This chapter examines the significance of the United States' globally robust surveillance apparatus, led by the National Security Agency (NSA), with particular emphasis on the tension between the internet-freedom movement and cybersecurity policy. Central to this tension is the question of anonymity, or whether or not it is possible to connect behaviors or material online to a particular person. On the one hand, anonymity is central to freedom online, and for online speech in particular. On the other hand, anonymity enables criminal behavior online, ranging from intellectual property theft to whole-scale cyber warfare. The chapter links the specific vision of internet freedom proposed by State Secretary Hillary Clinton to the revelations of the NSA-led surveillance apparatus and suggests that the United States's proposal for a freedom to connect deviates from traditional protections for freedom of expression by not protecting anonymous speech. It also describes the practical consequences of a global communications infrastructure that lacks any guarantee of confidentiality of messages across borders.

Keywords:   surveillance, National Security Agency, cybersecurity, anonymity, online speech, internet freedom, freedom of expression, anonymous speech, confidentiality

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